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Mosul Loss Huge, But Not Deadly, Blow To ‘Caliphate’

Mosul Loss Huge, But Not Deadly, Blow To 'Caliphate'

Mosul Loss Huge, But Not Deadly, Blow To ‘Caliphate’

BAGHDAD: Mosul was the largest city of the “Caliphate” proclaimed by ISIS and its loss is a severe blow to the experience of the terrorist personnel, but not fatal.

The northern Iraqi city where ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi made his public appearance is only known in July 2014, announcing himself to the world as “caliph” during a Friday sermon in an old city mosque.

It took tens of thousands of Iraqi forces backed by Western warplanes and special forces nearly nine months to defeat the terrorists, who have left behind a heavily damaged city and exhausted the security forces.

In Mosul, a city that had a population of about two million three years ago, the “Caliphate” loses one of the main centers of administration and ISIS, one of the most powerful symbols of its power.

“This is a serious blow to ISIS’s prestige,” said David Witty, an analyst and retired US special forces colonel.

The resumption of Mosul, hailed as an important step towards the end of this unprecedented episode in the history of modern jihad is the latest in a long series of setbacks for ISIS.

At its peak, the terrorist group controls a territory the size of South Korea or Jordan and a population of more than 10 million. Now more than half of the land and three-quarters of the population have been lost.

And a major offensive in its other de facto capital, the Syrian city of Raka, is growing.

The group – with the motto “stays and grows” – does not conquer new areas around the core of its “caliphate” since 2015, has lost thousands of fighters and is less attractive to foreign terrorists than it once was.

The fall of Mosul further reduces the territorial contiguity of the so-called caliph, leaving more pockets of land in the power of ISIS completely isolated.

Still, analysts have warned that it is too early to declare victory.

“We should not see the resumption of Mosul in dead clothing for ISIS,” said Patrick Martin, an analyst in Iraq at the Institute for the Study of War, adding that the group “still maintains significant urban land” especially in Syria.

Even in Iraq, where terrorists have lost more ground and retain only seven percent of the territory they once had, declaring the caliphate death “implies that ISIS can not control the land and rule” It is said.

However, “if the security forces are not taking the necessary steps to ensure that the gains against ISIS will be sustained in the long run, whereas ISIS in theory could recover and rebuild urban land,” Martin said.

Trying to salvage the remains of the caliphate, the group is likely to intensify a transformation that has already begun to focus more resources on guerrilla attacks and attacks.

“In the short term in Iraq, ISIS with terrorism and insurgency instead of trying to openly control large areas,” Witty said.

Martin said that it was already a model of great result ISIS attacks of military setbacks.

The bombing of the deadliest in Baghdad in which more than 320 people died last year, came after terrorists have lost their iconic bastion of Falluja.

The group also organized a major attack on the Kurdoue-controlled Kirkuk command after launching an aggression against Mosul, which was the largest military operation in Iraq for years.

With its dream state on hold, ISIS must return to these types of attacks and do everything possible to deny any claim to the Iraqi government that has been eliminated.

“It’s very easy to see the next, and Iraq is likely to be plagued with insecurity in the next few years,” Witty said.

The scope of ISIS ideology continues to be one of the greatest threats to the world after three years foreign branches have grown far beyond the core of the “Caliphate” and thousands of foreign fighters are joining the battlefield with a return to home.

Sushma Swaraj slams Pakistan’s Sartaj Aziz in series of blistering tweets

Sushma Swaraj slams Pakistan's Sartaj Aziz in series of blistering tweets

Sushma Swaraj slams Pakistan’s Sartaj Aziz in series of blistering tweets

NEW DELHI: Union Minister Sushma Swaraj used strong words Monday to beat the head of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan, Sartaj Aziz, for not having “the same courtesy to recognize” his letter asking him to grant a visa to the mother of Kulbhushan Jadhav.
Jadhav is the national of India on the death row in Pakistan.

Comments by Foreign Minister Swaraj, mainly aimed at eliminating the air after the Pakistani media had said last week that India had denied medical visas to the people of this country,

On Twitter, Swaraj said it is Aziz Pakistanis who require immediate medical care can come to India. He assured Pakistan that India is pleased to offer medical visa and hopes that Aziz “is a consideration for the citizens of his country.”

The Chancellor emphasized that recently amended rules stipulating that Pakistanis wanted a visa for emergency medical treatment should receive a letter from Aziz.

“But I assure you that Pakistani citizens seek a medical visa with a recommendation from Mr. Sartaj Aziz, who will issue the visa immediately,” Swaraj said.

The minister spoke of how India also has a pending visa application “for an Indian citizen, Ms. Avantika Jadhav, who wants to meet her son in Pakistan.”

It takes a heartbeat to realize that it speaks of the mother of Kulbhushan Jadhav, the Indian citizen sentenced to death by a military court in Pakistan with the claim “espionage.”

Swaraj said, as the letters that Aziz must write for medical visa, he also a “personal letter” to the visa Avantika Jadhav wrote.
“However, M. Aziz has not shown the same courtesy to acknowledge my letter,” he said.

Pakistani media reported last week that the Indian embassy in Pakistan denied the visa of a woman with cancer who had come to India for treatment.

The woman, Faiza Tanveer in several tweets in recent days urged Swaraj to intervene. It looks like he had Swaraj.

Market Live: Sensex holds 200-pt gains; AU Small Finance debuts with 47% premium

Market Live: Sensex holds 200-pt gains; AU Small Finance debuts with 47% premium

Market Live: Sensex holds 200-pt gains; AU Small Finance debuts with 47% premium

10:45 NSE said that, for technical reasons in the spot market, the market opens (Cash and F & O segment) has been delayed even further. The market reopening time will be displayed.

10:31 Sources NSE told CNBC-TV18 that operations do not cross the pre-opening of the trading session.

Another delay is likely during the opening session of NSE, according to sources.

10:26 Market Verification: 30 shares of BSE Sensex continued to maintain their 200-point gain in morning trading, supported by TCS, Infosys, Tata Motors and Reliance Industries.

The index rose 201.51 point or 0.64 percent to 31 562.14 in strong broad.

About two actions have been proposed for each action that falls on BSE.

Ten and twenty-one. The National Stock Exchange will start again at 10:45, according to CNBC-TV18, citing NSE sources.

It is known that the exchange will begin the pre-opening session at 10:30.

10:16 am The expert take on the problem of NSE “Trade does not occur at all It is a problem bigger than a single rate, but should not be any panic,” said Deena Mehta, MD, Asit Mehta investment intermediates , And added that there is a good chance that the exchange cancels all outstanding orders.

10:13 CEO Ashish Chauhan said that the change does not face a technical problem and trade normally.

10:10. The sources told CNBC-TV18 that the NSE will announce future course of action at all times.

10:09. Membership of bumpers: AU Small Finance Bank debuted on the Bombay Stock Exchange. Stock prices began trading at Rs 528, a whopping 47.5 percent at Rs 358 issue price.

10:05 CNBC-TV18 exclusive: J Ravichandran, Acting Chief of the National Stock Exchange, told CNBC-TV18 that the change was trying to solve the technical problem at the earliest.

“At this point, the focus is on the resumption of the market,” he told the channel. When considering whether the pre-opening start again, he said the announcement in this regard will be made later.

Meanwhile, Dipan Mehta, the BSE and NSE member tried to dispel the fears as well. “There’s nothing to scare,” he told CNBC-TV18. “Both sides will swap swiftly and quickly.”

9:55 NSE C & O firm: The Indian National Stock Exchange halted trading in the futures and options segment, and there has been no review of the reopening exchange, according to CNBC-TV sources18.

9:53 am pressure: Biocon stocks were centered around a 9.5 per cent intraday as investors were cautious regulatory issues facing the company.

The French drug regulator has found deficiencies in the Bommasandra Biocon Bangalore plant with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for activities related to three organic products.

The French National Agency for Medicines and Health Product Safety (ANSM) inspected the Bangalore Biocon plant on behalf of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) between 13 March and 17 March.

EMA examined three biosimilars Biocon – Fulphila (pegfilgrastim), Ogivri (Trastuzumab) and Semglee (insulin glargine) – for marketing authorization in the European Union.

The ANSM raised 35 impediments including 11 weaknesses related to organic products.

9 h 50 Pre-opening: the Bank finances small AU transferred to Rs 5500 in pre-opening, up 46.65% of its Rs 358 issue price.

EEB has set the circuit limit higher than 626.50 Rs and the circuit limit lower than Rs 268.50.

09:47 am buzz: KEC International shares rose nearly 4 percent in morning trading, while bagging pocketed orders worth 1845 crore.

At 09:47, IST, the stock price was quoting at Rs 272.05, or Rs 5.25, or 1.97% at BSE.

09:44 am NSE prices: Fuentes told CNBC-TV18 that NSE indexes are not updated due to a technical problem. The NSE technical team working on it to solve the problem.

A large discrepancy was found in the stock prices of most companies. For example, Tata Motors on BSE was 2.2 percent at Rs446 while in the NSE, it was 0.6 percent at Rs 436.85.

09:35 RIL crosses Rs 1500: Reliance Industries peaked at 52 weeks of Rs 1501 on BSE.

Third Country’s Army Could Enter Kashmir for Pakistan: Latest Threat from China

Third Country’s Army Could Enter Kashmir for Pakistan: Latest Threat from China

Third Country’s Army Could Enter Kashmir for Pakistan: Latest Threat from China

New Delhi: The “logic” of India to prevent the Chinese army to build a road in the Sikkim Doklam sector region on behalf of Bhutan can also apply to Kashmir, said an analyst of a Chinese expert group.

Under the controlled Global Times state, Xingchun Long, director of the Center for Indian Studies of China West Normal University, said an army of “third countries” could reach Kashmir on demand Pakistan.
“Even though India was invited to defend the territory of Bhutan, it could be limited to its established territory, not to the disputed area,” Xingchun said in the article.

“Otherwise, according to the logic of India, if the request of the government of Pakistan, the army of a third country may enter the disputed area between India and Pakistan, including Indian-controlled Kashmir” according to Article.

The media in China parroquent line institution and have recently focused articles of empty bombing critic Doklam criticize India, but this is the first time that Pakistan and Kashmir have been introduced in the story.

“Indian troops invaded the Doklam region of China in the name of helping Bhutan, but in reality, the invasion was intended to help India by using Bhutan,” he said that, referring to the June 30 statement , Published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India.

China and India have engaged in a conflict in the Doklam region near the union of three Bhutan, the last three weeks, after the attempt to build a road.

The Doka is the Indian name of the region Bhutan recognized as Doklam, while China claims in its Donglang region. The border between India and China 3,488 km from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh, a 220 km article falls to Sikkim.

“For a long time, India has spoken of international equality and non-interference in the internal affairs of others, but it continued the hegemonic diplomacy in South Asia, seriously violating the UN Charter and rules that undermine relations Fundamental international “. He told me.

“Through massive immigration in Sikkim, ultimately leading to parliamentary control of Sikkim, India annexed Sikkim as one of its states,” he claimed.

“This incursion reflects that India fears that China could rapidly continental separated from India’s northeastern India by military means, dividing India into two parts,” he said.

“India has interpreted the construction of China’s infrastructure in Tibet as having geopolitical intent against India. India itself is not able to do the same for the Northeast, so it tries to stop road construction in China,” he said. .

“As for the territorial dispute between China and Bhutan, it must be resolved by the two sides and India must respect the sovereignty of Bhutan,” he said.

“China can show the region and the international community, even in the UN Security Council, proven to illustrate China’s position,” he said.

Another article in the same newspaper said that India should stop using the “Dalai Lama map” and relations with China.

Referring to reports that the “Tibetan national flag”, a symbol of independence adopted by the Tibetan government in exile, has been deployed on the banks of Lake Bangong, known as the Lake Pangong Tso Ladakh area, the article says The timing of the incident coincided with the deadlock between the two military Doklam in the region and whether the Indian authorities have led to the political activities of the Tibetan separatists to exert pressure on China

“When the government of India attaches great importance to its relations with China, it maintains a knowledge of anti-China political activities on its soil.

However, when he is not satisfied or has conflicts with Beijing, he plays the Tibet card. But India can overestimate the influence of the Tibetan exiles, “he said.

‘Castlevania’ Review: Netflix’s Bleak, Violent Animated Series Wrestles With Evil on a Giant Scale

‘Castlevania’ Review: Netflix’s Bleak, Violent Animated Series Wrestles With Evil on a Giant Scale

‘Castlevania’ Review: Netflix’s Bleak, Violent Animated Series Wrestles With Evil on a Giant Scale

Staying alive in 1455 was not an easy task.

As if the lack of medical progress and the whims of deadly diseases were not enough, “Castlevania,” Netflix’s latest animated series to writer Warren Ellis, adds the lingering shadow of terrible and bloody tears to destroy all mankind.

This is the perfect example of the series that tries to exploit universal themes to amplify the enemies extracted initially in the video game series of Konami.

This on-screen world may occupy a privileged place for those who have been immersed since its inception in 1986, but as a work of episodic stories, it takes a lot of its four bouts to firmly establish the kind of series that progresses. (“Castlevania” was renewed for season 2 in the morning, the season debuted 1).

The pilot episode, as an entry point into this medieval world, pushes the audience inside the castle to the mythical figure of Vlad Tepes Dracula myth.

Following the curious sights of Lisa, a human interest in scientific discovery, the show mocks a story of origin of an intellectual collaboration between the immortals and humans that could support the whole franchise.

Shock cuts Lisa, 20 years later, burning in the crowd amid shouts of witchcraft and heresy of the church elders.

Lisa’s death incurs Dracula’s ire and sets in motion a cycle of pain, guilt and manipulation.

We only see Dracula and Lisa share a conversation, but as we mentioned several times during the first season, their love was essential to foster a supernatural Holocaust.

Dracula revenge the city to burn his beloved is the radiant sequence of destruction marked by columns of fire from hell and beast hordes.

After his regime of terror (and the rain of blood and guts), Dracula largely disappears, but its dramatic effect in this adrift city is significant.

If it seems that there is no place for the true forces of evil to completely destroy the remains of a city, Episode 2 would agree. Lowering horrors on a large scale in a battle of secular bars worry Dracula erase mankind’s way of traveling anti-hero Trevor Belmont.

Belmont (voice of Richard Armitage) is a wandering mercenary, seeking to redeem the honor of his family after his ternity after the attacks against gresit. In the true medieval form of adjacent fiction, much of the struggle of their lineage is discharged into ample statements to strangers.

When the first episode of “Castlevania” tells a story with its scope of evil unleashed, a large chunk of the other three entries is literally said in the words of men.

This struggle to reconcile exploration and staff is the greatest growing pain in the series.

The dark atmosphere that drowns most of the human inhabitants of the population is offset by the small emotions of the expanding relationship of this world of magic and mythology.

With all forms of involuntary bodily functions, “Castlevania” is dedicated to a very specific grotesque standard that ensures that no character is safe from the ugliness of a world in which a God of love is nowhere.

But when it breaks the generic anxiety of life in the Middle Ages, “Castlevania” finds life in the design of its otherworldly creatures.

Terrors and bat wings with prehensile herbs and a penchant for bloodshed, these anonymous servers are all effective that are ruthless.

An individual of the species, with white teeth and a great sense of logic, even offers a philosophical treatise on the nature of truth before consuming its prey.

Reliance Jio may launch home broadband plan at Rs 500/100GB in 100 cities

Reliance Jio may launch home broadband plan at Rs 500/100GB in 100 cities

Reliance Jio may launch home broadband plan at Rs 500/100GB in 100 cities

New Delhi: Reliance Infocomm Jio is working towards a commercial launch of its broadband services home around Independence Day, with offers that could trigger a price war similar to that of the company’s entry launched into the Mobile segment, a person familiar with the plan said.

The JioFiber basic package of business broadband operations is likely to be 100GB for Rs 500. Rivals currently offer approximately half of these data at double the price.

Based on the customer base, the domestic broadband market is small – the country has less than 20 million broadband cable users, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, with more than half, compared to 200 million Of wireless broadband users. But the average user pays much more for fixed line broadband. In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017, for example, Bharti Airtel’s average user revenue in the home broadband segment was Rs 1644 compared to Rs 162 in the mobile data business.

Bharti, who was seriously injured in the battle with Jio for the mobile services market share, has already begun to offer improved data volumes under his existing fixed-line and broadband plans, where he is the second player.

As of June Jio planned to expand its free trial offer beyond the few cities where it is currently available, said the person, speaking anonymously. This will culminate with the launch in September or October, added to this person.

This year, Independence Day is October 19th.

Jio has not responded to an e-mail inquiry.

Analysts expect Jio’s inaugural award to disrupt the broadband market.

“Absolutely, it will be harmful,” said Rohan Dhamija, partner and chief of India and South Asia Analysys Mason, while the company’s fiber-to-home technology rating outperforms the rival digital subscriber line . “In this regard, fueled by the increase in supply capacity and innovative pricing, we would seek to disrupt fixed broadband activity similar to its disruption of the mobile business,” added M. Dhamija.

JioFiber’s moves around JioFiber are similar to the steps it has taken during the launch of mobile services. Once again, it began offering trial services, followed by a commercial launch in September 2016 and initial bonus offers that extended to six months. This helped the company to register a net of 100 million users in a record of 170 days. Although they started to load subscribers, rates are significantly lower compared to those of competitors.

JioFiber’s network is capable of carrying a transmission speed of up to 100 Mbps. It is currently running in at least 10 cities, including all the metros in addition to the satellite cities of Delhi Noida and Gurgaon.

The company identifies mega-groups as residential apartments and high-rise commercial establishments as part of its Phase II expansion program to connect 100 sites by December, the person who spoke with ET said. It also allows users to use a Wi-Fi router to an affordable refundable deposit.

BSNL had nearly 10 million users in the broadband segment at home on March 31, followed by Bharti at approximately $ 1.95 billion, according to the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of India.

Sunly Mittal Bharti upgraded and conducted last week the volume of data on its home broadband plans, which offers 60GB of data for RS 899; The data 90 GB for the data and 125 Rs GB 1099 for Rs 1299.

Bharti also aims to deliver a transmission speed of 100 Mbit / s, equivalent to the entire line of high-speed optical fiber through vectorization technology. Recently it has released a GB 1000 establishes which, according to a spokesperson, is a limited offer available only to consumers in Delhi-NCR who subscribe to the broadband service from May 16, with selected plans.

BSNL allows unlimited data plans for its FTTH subscribers. These include broadband plan ‘Broadband Unlimited’ in Rs 2641, which offers data from 175GB to 8 Mbps, which is limited to 1 Mbps once the allocated quota is consumed.

 

Air India selloff: To avoid a 2001 redux, govt needs strong political will, savvy financial strategy

Air India selloff: To avoid a 2001 redux, govt needs strong political will, savvy financial strategy

Air India selloff: To avoid a 2001 redux, govt needs strong political will, savvy financial strategy

New Delhi: Finding a strategic partner for Air India, someone who is going to invest and manage the airline responsible for debt, is easier said than done. In fact, the various branches of government seem to have different directions on the best way to go for this white elephant. Niti Ayog prepare a road map for the sale of the company for months; The Ministry of Civil Aviation wants a roadmap of the own Air India countertop; The airline has spoken to banks for massive cuts to reduce debt. And while taking all these disparate actions, the government continues to drive equity in the airline.

Now, when it seems that the government is also interested in exploring the strategic partner track to get rid of Air India, there could be more confusion. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in a television interview over the weekend that “history has given us a second chance that (should) be a good investor who has credibility, the Ministry of Civil Aviation will consider (divestment) “.

First, as we said before, a strategic partner is not the only option on the table. The Civil Aviation Minister Gajapathi Raju said earlier this month that the airline itself had been invited to suggest a road map for its future and the means to manage its unstoppable debt. Raju has not ruled out the cession, but persisted in saying that this is one of the options before the government. Remember, the government has consistently said parliament that it did not intend to part with Air India. So said Saturday Jaitley could simply be a balloon rehearsal to judge whether the actors offer a credible proposal for Air India.

Second, unless the government provides substantial standard operating procedures, very few investors can arise to manage an airline whose debt exceeds Rs.50 billion and continues to incur losses despite significant government financial support. While the Government believes that the large fleet of aircraft and other assets such as lucrative slots in saturated airports around the world are positive in the review process of Air India, you must also decide if the debt burden can be reduced – By haircuts by lenders or by radiation – before the plane is attractive to a potential investor.

The Timesreport Economic quoted unqualified Air India officials stating that the Tatas would be the best option if the road was taken strategic investors. Obviously, there has been no comment from Tatas because they already operate two independent companies in the crowded Indian aviation market.

Sources close to the facts indicate that Air India is already in advanced talks to agree on debt equity with certain public sector banks, which also involves a haircut. This agreement includes 19 UPS banks, which are invited to convert about $ 20,000 of credit to airline equity. Exceeding annual annual interest of Rs 4 billion rupees AI could then be reduced by a quarter if banks accept scheme S4A (Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets).

While this proposal looks good, no one seems to be willing to answer the simple question, should the government require PSU banks – which are already overburdened by the NPA – to take more S4A through this scheme? Why should banks have a poor management of Air India’s history? Such a scheme could see banks have up to 40% of the capital of an airline that owns approximately 15% of the domestic market in a business dominated by the boom of private actors.

However, two high-level economists have suggested the best way to turn the national airline in check by a major global airline: the result of government traps, according to the mint report.

They highlighted other successful examples of governments leaving the airline, such as the UK that privatized British Airways. “(This was widely considered to be one of the most difficult privatizations of the time Margaret Thatcher in the UK.)

Seven Things You Probably Didn’t Know About beauty services at home in Mumbai

Seven Things You Probably Didn't Know About beauty services at home in Mumbai

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S.S.C. COMBINED GRADUATE LEVEL (Tier-1) EXAM., 2015 (Held on 9-8-2015) General Awareness ’ (Ist-Shift)

  1. Allantois of Embryo helps in—
  • Respiration
  • Excretion
  • Protection
  • Digestion
  1. Which one of the following animals belongs to mollusca ?
  • Hare (B) Hydra

(C) Hyla      (D) Haliotis

  1. Outside the nucleus DNA is found in—
  • Mitochondria
  • Ribosome
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi bodies
  1. Animal protein is called first class protein because it is—
  • Delicious in taste
  • Cheaper in the market
  • Rich in essential amino acids
  • Easily digestible
  1. It is easy to burst a gas-filled balloon with a needle than with a nail. It is because—
  • Nail exerts more pressure than needle on the balloon
  • Needle exerts more pressure than nail on the balloon
  • Gas is reactive with the needle
  • Nail is more longer than needle
  1. The velocity of sound in moist air is more than in dry air because the moist air has—
  • Less pressure than dry air
  • More pressure than dry air
  • More density than dry air
  • Less density than dry air
  1. X-rays can be used—
  • To detect heart diseases
  • To detect defects in precious stones and diamonds
  • To detect gold under the earth
  • For cutting and welding of metals
  1. Ice is packed in saw dust because—
  • Saw dust is poor conductor of heat
  • Saw dust is a good conduc­tor of heat
  • Saw dust does not stick to the ice
  • Saw dust will not get melted easily
  1. What is used to identify whether a data word has an odd or even number of I’s ?
  • Sign bit (B) Zero bit (C) Parity bit (D) Carry bit
  1. Rearranging and allocating space in memory to provide for multi­ple computing tasks is called—
  • Multiprogramming
  • Multitasking
  • Memory Management
  • Networking
  1. What happens when a drop of glycerol is added to crushed KMnC>4 spread on a paper ?
  • There is a violent explosion
  • There is no reaction
  • The paper ignites
  • There is a crackling sound
  1. Most commonly used bleaching agent is—
  • Alcohol
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Chlorine
  • Sodium chloride
  1. The least penetrating power ray is—
  • a-Ray (B) p-Ray

(C) “/-Ray  (D) X-Ray

  1. Hydrogen peroxide is an effec­tive sterilizing agent. Which one of the following product results when it readily loses active oxygen ?
  • Water
  • Hydrogen
  • Ozone
  • Nasant Hydrogen
  1. The maximum fixation of solar energy is done by—
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Green plants
  • Protozoa
  1. The term ‘brown air’ is used for—
  • Photochemical smog
  • Sulfurous smog
  • Industrial smog
  • Acid fumes
  1. Which of the following is FALSE with respect to rain water har­vesting ?
  • It helps raising water table
  • It helps meet rising water demand
  • It increases run-off losses
  • It is a device of water con­servation
  1. Peroxyacetyl nitrate is a—
  • Plant hormone
  • Vitamin
  • Secondary pollutant
  • Acidic dye
  1. Which of the following river does not originate in Indian territory ?
  • Mahanadi
  • Brahmaputra
  • Satluj
  • Ganga
  1. To whom the line ‘A thing of beauty is a joy for ever’ is attributed ?
  • John Keats
  • Charles Dickens
  • Jonathan Swift
  • William Wordsworth
  1. The birthday of which of the following leaders is celebrated as ‘Teachers Day’ in India ?
  • Rajendra Prasad
  • Radhakrishnan
  • Rajgopalachari
  • Lala Lajpat Rai
  1. The award given for outstanding performance in sports is—
  • Bharat Ratna
  • Padma Shri Award
  • Arjuna Award
  • Dronacharya Award
  1. Which hill station’s name means ‘place of the thunderbolt’ ?
  • Shillong
  • Oottacamand
  • Darjeeling
  • Gangtok
  1. The ship building yard-Mazgaon Dock is located at—
  • Kochi
  • Kolkata
  • Mumbai
  • Vishakhapatnam
  1. Electric current is measured using which of the following instru­ment ?
  • Voltmeter
  • Anemometer
  • Wattmeter
  • Ammeter
  1. ‘Agha Khan Cup’ is related with which of the following sport event ?
  • Cricket
  • Hockey
  • Table Tennis
  • Football
  1. Where was the first conference of SAARC (South Asian Associa­tion for Regional Cooperation) held ?
  • Dhaka (B) New Delhi (C) Colombo (D) Kathmandu
  1. Which among the following is not a Bretton Woods Institution ?
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • World Bank
  • Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (O.E.C.D.)
  • None of these •
  1. Equilibrium price in the market is determined by the—
  • equality between total cost and total revenue
  • equality between average cost and average revenue
  • equality between marginal cost and marginal revenue
  • equality between marginal cost and average cost
  1. In the national context which of the following indicates Macro Approach ?
  • Sales of Bata Shoe Company
  • Exports of Mangoes to U.K.
  • Income from Railways
  • Inflation in India
  1. Internal economies—
  • arise in an economy as it makes progress
  • accrue to a firm when it expands its output
  • arise when there is expan­sion in internal trade
  • arise when there is expan­sion in an industry
  1. One of the features of a free market economy is—
  • public ownership of factors of production
  • rationing and price control
  • consumer’s sovereignty
  • active state intervention
  1. Gross National Product – Depre­ciation Allowance = ?
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • Personal Income
  • Net National Product
  • Per Capita Income
  1. The Panchayat Samiti remains accountable for its functions to—
  • The Gram Panchayats and Gram Sabhas
  • Zilla Parishads
  • Anchal Panchayats
  • Janpad Panchayats
  1. The legislature gains a priority over the executive in—
  • A Federal Government
  • An Authoritarian Govern­ment
  • A Parliamentary Govern­ment
  • A Presidential Government
  1. The legislature in a democratic country can influence public opinion by—
  • Granting rights
  • Enacting non-controversial laws
  • Defining the duties of the citizens
  • Focusing attention on public issues
  1. If the President wants to resign from his office, he may do so by writing to the—
  • Vice President
  • Chief Justice of India
  • Prime Minister
  • Speaker of Lok Sabha
  1. Which of the following is not a Union Territory ?
  • Lakshadweep
  • Puducherry
  • Nagaland
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  1. The greatest king of the Pratihara dynasty was—
  • Bhoj (Mihir-Bhoj)
  • J
  • Dantidurga
  • Nagbhatta II
  • Vatsaraj
  1. In 1939 Subhash Chandra Bose was elected as President of the Congress Party defeating—
  • Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  • B. Patel
  • Pattabhi Sitharamayya
  1. Jallianwala incident took place at—

(A) Lucknow (B) Surat (C) Amritsar (D) Allahabad

  1. Who was the founder of Lodhi dynasty ?

 

Answers with Hints
  • Sikandar Lodhi
  • Bahlol Lodhi
  • ‘Ibrahim Lodhi
  • Daulat Khan Lodhi
  1. Which one of the following pair is not correctly matched ?
  • Akbar – Todarmal
  • Chanakya – Chandragupta
  • Vikramaditya – Chaitanya
  • Harshvardhan-Hiuen Tsang
  1. The South-East trade winds are attracted towards the Indian sub­continent in the rainy season due to—

/A) the effect of easterlies

  • the effect of Northern-East trade winds
  • the presence of low atmos­pheric pressure over North-West India
  • the development of cyclone over the equator
  1. The ‘graded profile’ of a river course is a—
  • smooth curve in the upper course
  • smooth curve in the middle course
  • smooth curve in the lower course
  • smooth curve from source to mouth
  1. Sink hole is .a phenomenon of
  • Desert (B) Tundra

(C) Karst     (D) Plain

  1. Kerala is famous for the cultiva­tion of—
  2. Coconut
  3. Black-pepper
  4. Rubber
  5. Rice
  • 1, 2 and 4 (B) 2, 3 and 4 (C) land4 (D) 1,2and3
  1. The longest continental Railway in the world is—
  • Trans Siberian Railway
  • Canadian Pacific Railway
  • Canadian National Railway
  • Trans Atlantic Railway
  1. Photoperiodismr affects—
  • Flowering
  • Vegetative growth

 

  • Fruiting
  • All of these
  1. Match the following—

List-1

  • Ascorbic acid
  • Chlorophyll
  • Carotenoid
  • Superoxide dismutase

List-II

  1. Photosynthetic pigment
  2. Quencher
  3. Enzyme
  4. Vitamin-C
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 4 2 1 3
(B) 2 4 1 3
(C) 4 1 3 2
(D) 4 1 2 3

 

 

  1. (B) 2. (D) (A)
  2. (C) Animal milk protein (3-58%) is rich in essential amino acids and hence, it is called first class protein, which contains casein, Albumin and globulin contents; lactose in milk (4-96 to 5-48%); fat (4-14 to 8-63%) and ash (0-67 to 0-85%) in milk protein of animals.
  3. (B) 6. (D) 7. (B) 8. (A) 9. (C)
  4. (C) 11. (C) 12. (C) 13. (A) 14. (A)
  5. (C) 16. (C) 17. (C) 18. (C)
  6. (B) Brahmaputra river (2,990 km length) does not originate in Indian Territory, but its origin is from Tibbat and flow from Tibbat -* India -» Bangladesh (WB), while others – Mahanadi (880 km), Satluz (1440 km) and Ganga (2480 km) rivers are called Himalayan rivers (Indian Terri­tory origin).
  7. (A) England poet ‘John Keats’ wrote this poem “A thing of beauty is a joy for ever” in his book Endymion in 1818.
  8. (B) The ‘Teacher’s Day in India’ is celebrated each year on 5th September on the birthday of Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (birth – 5 , 1888, death – in 1975), who was awarded Bharat Ratna and remained President of India (13 May, 1962 to 13 May, 1967),

 

Overall Reform Measures

Economic reform measures have laid the platform for take-off, but remained half-starts. Opposition has stymied the two major legislative initiatives—to relax rules on land acquisition and to create a goods- and-services tax (GST) to replace the current maze of central and state taxes. Sequencing of reforms is equally important. It is often argued that factor markets have largely remained untouched by reforms. People have particularly the labour market in mind. Flexible labour markets always help in generating faster growth. According to Dr. C. Rangarajan “the time for modifying labour markets is when the economy is booming—that is, when the eco­nomy will be able to absorb easily the disruptions, if any, caused in the labour market. Labour will then realise that it stands to gain more by a fast-growing economy than by legis­lative constraints. It is only in a growing economy that new entrants join the labour force in a big way. It avoids the trap of the employed becoming the enemy of the unem­ployed. Thus, while some reforms of the labour market are necessary, they should wait till the economy gathers momentum and moves on to a stronger growth path”.

Social Sector

Prof. Amartya Sen has empha­sised that the market economy does well for industries and agriculture, by and large, with a few exceptions it does not do well for education and healthcare. The important issue is of asymmetric information. This is a very important part in the understanding of any market economy. India is the only country which is trying to get universally educated and universal healthcare through the private sector. Japan, US, Europe, China, Vietnam, Cuba, Hong Kong and Singapore they all saw the importance of the state in making education and health­care widely spread and universal. Educa-tion and healthcare were badly neglected and continue to be so even today. The fact that with an un­healthy, uneducated labour force, it is very difficult to generate income from them and very’ difficult for solidly-shared development growth at a high level to continue. In a

PD/April/2016/94

country where half the population doesn’t have a school to go to, to concentrate on the internet is a bit of a mistake.

Poverty reduction cannot be disassociated from non-performing loans by banks to big business while farmers end their lives, the former said to fuel the wheels of democracy. Without conscious recognition of this tripartite link and resolve to reset it, poverty Is bound to remain the most convenient and used political agenda item. Hopefully, 2016 will end-up showing promised change. Our education and skills development must reach many more than it does. We must improve the delivery of our social schemes and reduce thefts, waste, and improve efficient delivery.

Cooperative Federalism

While pursuing cooperative fede­ralism, regional imbalance should not be overlooked. The growing gap in per capita income between the forward and laggard States is a cause of socio-economic stress. The ‘race to reform’ model does not take into account some factors driving long­term investment preferences : the institutional climate, urban infrastruc­ture and social development. If the Western and Southern States have left their eastern counterparts behind, it is because of their traditionally superior governance, and health and educa­tion facilities.

Financing social sector through Central schemes is a phenomenon of the last one-and-a-half decades. How­ever, while examining the various routes for social sector spending, through earmarked cesses and cen­trally-sponsored schemes in the Indian federal system, States are the primary drivers of social sector spending, be it on health or educa­tion. States’ share in social sector has remained significantly higher than the share of Centre. Over 20 per cent of the social sector expenditure by States is funded by Central transfers. Additional fiscal space given to States by way of increasing their share in the divisible pool, different States are expected to respond differently both in quantitative and qualitative terms. As things stands there has been no perceptible movement towards co­operative federalism.

“Praying without working is faith inaction.”

Employment

The most worrying failure been the absence of job creation the most important thing for government is to find out why m: jobs are not being created. The Sta: worst affected by drought are sdl not benefiting adequately from r MGNREGA. Policymakers sho_ emphasise the provision of adequaa job opportunities as economic grov— would be meaningful and inclus: only if the living standards of eve* Indian were improved. Policies a create more jobs and sharpen : skills of the labour force will needed to take advantage of derri graphic edge.

According to Pranab Bardhan, z output elasticity of employing: (which is the increase in employme for every 1 per cent increase in e: nomic output) is 0-2 per cent, ever ::i the highly labour-intensive serv:. sector. Nearly 30 per cent of Indr in the 5-24 age groups are neither employment nor in education training. India will have a lab.:. force of 568-4 million in 2020, additional 42-9 million people compared to 2015. This present- t unique challenge before polir makers—that of providing more : to the youth.

4-3 million jobs were added the Indian economy during the tv year period 2011-13. The rise formal employment was a mu: more modest rise of 2-7 million permanent workers. Today, close half or 43 per cent of governm; employees are temporary and many as 3.5 million government i have been outsourced to the priv: sector during 2000-12. The gove~ ment sector accounts for 58 per cer of formal sector jobs, but a good – per cent of these are temporary nature.

Ease of Doing Business

The government remains focused on the ease of doing busines Incremental steps to improve tr business climate in India are addr up. There is no point to deflect atter tion away from the many real ga_- in reforms. In the World Bank’s Eas: Doing Business Report for 2015, IncU

 

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