Tango Results

Add New Dimensions to Personality —I. M.

You must have come across men and women who impress you on the very first meeting. You feel that he or she is an amiable person exuding warmth and friendliness. Warmth emanating from the person touches you like the soft shine of winter sun. In its more intense form this liking may take shape of love. It is love at first sight, the magic of a charismatic personality.

Will you like others to call you a charismatic personality ? You will give a quick nod ! There is no reason why you should not own such a per­sonality-owner’s pride, neighbour’s envy. The qualities can be cultivated. It is a matter of developing certain habits and attitudes which produce a syndrome of a significant personality.

If you analyse the syndrome of an attractive and interesting persona­lity, you observe that they are friendly, smile readily, and are up to something new. They are generous with appreciation, challenge stagna­tion and see things from your pers­pective, not their own.

Your blueprint for acquiring the type of personality you admire is to get into a new mould. People will think you are friendly if you give them some evidence. Do not wait for others to make friendly overtures to you. Take the initiative which helps crashing the barrier of silence.

Open conversations by such remarks as. “Is this your first visit here ?” Do you feel comfortable ?

Sometimes you can pay a com­pliment : “You seem to be good at this.” Or “I can see you are adept at it. You have a beautiful hand­writing.” A request for help, guidance or information often also breaks the ice.

You must believe that the other person is going to respond well. Of course, it means taking a chance, but chances are you will get a positive response.

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Another way of opening up is to offer help even when not asked for. Or to do something that will help someone to be more comfortable. You must act, take the initiative.

Shed your silence. You have been reticent too long. Start moulding your new personality now. Be more outgoing, more trusting. Start liking people and looking at the bigger, brighter side of life.

People are grateful if you break the ice, and will respond warmly. Occasionally you may be given the cold shoulder by a morose person, but do not let that discourage you. Feel sorry for him. There may be some reason for his action.

Do not allow frustrations to turn you from your long-range goal. Persevere. Friendly attitude soon becomes a habit and you are the gainer.

Let the other person talk about himself and his interests. All of us like to do this. We automatically warm to people who are unselfish and spur us to do it.

Lee Giblin in “How to Have Confidence and Power in Dealing with People,” describes this as giving your conversation a ‘Unturn.’

A few simple questions will start most people. ‘How are you finding writing hobby ?’ ‘Are you getting much satisfaction from your music lessons ?’

People respond favourably to the smiler. You will recall how you like the person who smiles at you. A smile seems to say. ‘I like you,’ ‘I mean you good’. I wish you well so let’s be friends.’

Giving people ready smiles is your way of giving others the green. Lee Giblin says, “A real sincere smile works almost like a magic switch that turns on a friendly feeling in the other fellow immediately.”

 

It seldom occurs to some people to use this magic, switch, to the grea: impoverishment of their persona­lities.

At the University where I tauglr I met a young man who was not onh very handsome and well groomed but had high academic distinction Unfortunately it had never entered his brainy head to smile at people They regarded him, wrongly, a; morose, unfriendly and arrogant.

Lee Gibline actually suggests practicing smiling before a mirror to loosen the muscles. Give it a trail And see the effect. Now, get yourseb a mirror!

Now give a good broad smile Notice how much younger, better looking and attractive you look when you smile.

The moral is obvious. Determine to smile more often. Not half-hearted insipid, timid smiles, but full unin­hibited radiant ones.

Practice before a mirror will help you develop this kind of magic smile It will also help you to form a mental picture of.the new, radiant, attractive you which you are determined to achieve.

Your smiles will be genuine ones if you develop a liking for other people and maintain a selfless desire for them.

Organise your life so that there is always something to which you mav look forward with joy and expecta­tion.

Living thus in a continual glow of anticipation will do much to make you alive and alert. Your friends and acquaintance are going to find you more interesting as they get to know you are a person who always has something ‘in the pipe-line’ some­thing novel, colourful, unpredictable.

New activities give both you and your friends something new to talk

Overall Reform Measures

Economic reform measures have laid the platform for take-off, but remained half-starts. Opposition has stymied the two major legislative initiatives—to relax rules on land acquisition and to create a goods- and-services tax (GST) to replace the current maze of central and state taxes. Sequencing of reforms is equally important. It is often argued that factor markets have largely remained untouched by reforms. People have particularly the labour market in mind. Flexible labour markets always help in generating faster growth. According to Dr. C. Rangarajan “the time for modifying labour markets is when the economy is booming—that is, when the eco­nomy will be able to absorb easily the disruptions, if any, caused in the labour market. Labour will then realise that it stands to gain more by a fast-growing economy than by legis­lative constraints. It is only in a growing economy that new entrants join the labour force in a big way. It avoids the trap of the employed becoming the enemy of the unem­ployed. Thus, while some reforms of the labour market are necessary, they should wait till the economy gathers momentum and moves on to a stronger growth path”.

Social Sector

Prof. Amartya Sen has empha­sised that the market economy does well for industries and agriculture, by and large, with a few exceptions it does not do well for education and healthcare. The important issue is of asymmetric information. This is a very important part in the understanding of any market economy. India is the only country which is trying to get universally educated and universal healthcare through the private sector. Japan, US, Europe, China, Vietnam, Cuba, Hong Kong and Singapore they all saw the importance of the state in making education and health­care widely spread and universal. Educa-tion and healthcare were badly neglected and continue to be so even today. The fact that with an un­healthy, uneducated labour force, it is very difficult to generate income from them and very’ difficult for solidly-shared development growth at a high level to continue. In a

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country where half the population doesn’t have a school to go to, to concentrate on the internet is a bit of a mistake.

Poverty reduction cannot be disassociated from non-performing loans by banks to big business while farmers end their lives, the former said to fuel the wheels of democracy. Without conscious recognition of this tripartite link and resolve to reset it, poverty Is bound to remain the most convenient and used political agenda item. Hopefully, 2016 will end-up showing promised change. Our education and skills development must reach many more than it does. We must improve the delivery of our social schemes and reduce thefts, waste, and improve efficient delivery.

Cooperative Federalism

While pursuing cooperative fede­ralism, regional imbalance should not be overlooked. The growing gap in per capita income between the forward and laggard States is a cause of socio-economic stress. The ‘race to reform’ model does not take into account some factors driving long­term investment preferences : the institutional climate, urban infrastruc­ture and social development. If the Western and Southern States have left their eastern counterparts behind, it is because of their traditionally superior governance, and health and educa­tion facilities.

Financing social sector through Central schemes is a phenomenon of the last one-and-a-half decades. How­ever, while examining the various routes for social sector spending, through earmarked cesses and cen­trally-sponsored schemes in the Indian federal system, States are the primary drivers of social sector spending, be it on health or educa­tion. States’ share in social sector has remained significantly higher than the share of Centre. Over 20 per cent of the social sector expenditure by States is funded by Central transfers. Additional fiscal space given to States by way of increasing their share in the divisible pool, different States are expected to respond differently both in quantitative and qualitative terms. As things stands there has been no perceptible movement towards co­operative federalism.

“Praying without working is faith inaction.”

Employment

The most worrying failure been the absence of job creation the most important thing for government is to find out why m: jobs are not being created. The Sta: worst affected by drought are sdl not benefiting adequately from r MGNREGA. Policymakers sho_ emphasise the provision of adequaa job opportunities as economic grov— would be meaningful and inclus: only if the living standards of eve* Indian were improved. Policies a create more jobs and sharpen : skills of the labour force will needed to take advantage of derri graphic edge.

According to Pranab Bardhan, z output elasticity of employing: (which is the increase in employme for every 1 per cent increase in e: nomic output) is 0-2 per cent, ever ::i the highly labour-intensive serv:. sector. Nearly 30 per cent of Indr in the 5-24 age groups are neither employment nor in education training. India will have a lab.:. force of 568-4 million in 2020, additional 42-9 million people compared to 2015. This present- t unique challenge before polir makers—that of providing more : to the youth.

4-3 million jobs were added the Indian economy during the tv year period 2011-13. The rise formal employment was a mu: more modest rise of 2-7 million permanent workers. Today, close half or 43 per cent of governm; employees are temporary and many as 3.5 million government i have been outsourced to the priv: sector during 2000-12. The gove~ ment sector accounts for 58 per cer of formal sector jobs, but a good – per cent of these are temporary nature.

Ease of Doing Business

The government remains focused on the ease of doing busines Incremental steps to improve tr business climate in India are addr up. There is no point to deflect atter tion away from the many real ga_- in reforms. In the World Bank’s Eas: Doing Business Report for 2015, IncU

 

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